SelectData views


SelectData Views are synonymous with SQL Views but for the Preside Data Objects system. In a nutshell, a SelectData view is a saved set of arguments that can be sent to the selectData() method.

SelectData Views were introduced in Preside 10.11.0.

Defining a view

SelectData Views are defined by implementing a convention based Coldbox handler action: selectDataViews.{viewName}. The handler must return a struct of arguments to be sent to selectData(). For example, the following handler CFC defines two simple views, activeBlogPosts and inactiveBlogPosts:

// /handlers/SelectDataViews.cfc
component {

    private struct function activeBlogPosts( event, rc, prc ) {
        return {
              objectName   = "blog_post"
            , filter       = { active = true }
            , selectFields = [ "id", "title", "category" ]

    private struct function inactiveBlogPosts( event, rc, prc ) {
        return {
              objectName = "blog_post"
            , filter     = { active = false }


Using views

Direct queries

You can directly query a view with the selectView() method. For instance:

var activeBlogPosts = presideObjectService.selectView( "activeBlogPosts" );

Relationship properties

You can also reference views from preside object properties using relationship="select-data-view" relatedTo="nameOfview". The following Preside Object definition is for a blog_category object. It has a one-to-many relationship with the blog_post object and we can now create a relationship to the two views we defined above.

Furthermore, these relationships can be used in things like formula fields that can be used in data exports and data manager tables:

 * @datamanagerGroup Blogs
 * @datamanagerGridFields label,active_post_count,inactive_post_count
component {
    property name="active_posts"   relationship="select-data-view" relatedto="activeBlogPosts"   relationshipKey="category";
    property name="inactive_posts" relationship="select-data-view" relatedto="inactiveBlogPosts" relationshipKey="category";

    property name="active_post_count"   formula="count( ${prefix} )"   type="numeric";
    property name="inactive_post_count" formula="count( ${prefix} )" type="numeric";